Professor Surya Subedi OBE, QC (Hon)

Call 2007

Surya is a lawyer whose legal competence spans a number of areas of international law, including public international law, the law of the sea, international investment law, international trade law, international watercourses law, land and maritime boundary disputes, international human rights law and the Indian and Nepalese legal systems.

He served as the United Nations Special Rapporteur for human rights in Cambodia between 2009 and 2015.

Surya was appointed a QC (Hon) in the UK in 2017 in recognition of his contribution to international law and human rights and made an OBE for services to international law and to Britain-Nepal relations in 2004.

His late Majesty King Birendra of Nepal awarded him with a high-level State honour, Suprabal Gorkha Daxinbahu, for services to international law and to the nation in 1998.

Surya has advised a number of governments and public utility companies on international legal matters and appeared before higher courts both in England and in Nepal. He also has provided expert opinion in cases before English courts on matters relating to adoption, divorce, custody of children, inheritance, and crime in both Indian and Nepalese Law. Prior to joining the Bar of England, he was a consultant on international legal matters to Mishcon de Reya Solicitors, London.

Surya’s expertise in these areas of law combines teaching, research, practising law, and high level positions with responsibilities for policy formulation and advice. He has published extensively in international law.  With a doctoral degree in law from the University of Oxford and an LLM with Distinction in international law from the University of Hull, Surya has been Professor of International Law at the University of Leeds since 2004.

Surya also has taught international economic law, international investment law, and the law of the sea on the intercollegiate International LLM Programme of the University of London and has been to teach on the international human rights law programme of the University of Oxford.

Surya has been designated to serve on the Panels of Arbitrators and of Conciliators of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and on the Panels of the Dispute Settlement Body of the World Trade Organization (WTO). He was elected to the Institut de Droit International in 2011 and has served as a member of its Commission on legal aspects of international investment arbitration.

He has been an expert member of the Task Force on Investment Policy of the World Economic Forum in Davos and International Centre for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development in Geneva since 2015.

  • Expertise
    • International Investment Law
    • International Investment Arbitration
    • WTO Law
    • The Law of the Sea
    • Land and Maritime Boundary Disputes
    • International Watercourses Law
    • Public International Law
    • International Human Rights Law
    • Indian Law
    • Nepalese Law
  • Education
    • LLB, Tribhuvan University
    • LLM with Distinction, University of Hull
    • DPhil in International Law, University of Oxford
  • Languages

    Hindi and Nepali

  • Memberships
    • Elected to the Institut de Droit International in 2011.
    • Chairman, Board of Editors, Asian Journal of International Law (Cambridge University Press).
    • Chairman, Research Committee, the Asian Society of International Law.
    • Member of the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA).
    • Committee Member, Committee on International Law on Sustainable Development of the International Law Association (ILA), 2002-2012.
    • Committee Member, Water Resources Law Committee of the International Law Association (ILA), 1999-2004.
    • Member, Task Force on Investment Policy, World Economic Forum in Davos and the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development in Geneva, 2015.
  • Principal Publications

    International Investment Law

    • International Investment Law: Reconciling Policy and Principle (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 1st edition in 2008; 2nd edition in 2012; and 3rd edition in 2016).
    • ‘International Investment Law’, in Malcolm Evans (ed.), International Law (Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 2014), pp.727-751.
    • India’s New Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Treaty with Nepal: A New Trend in State Practice’  ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal_ (Oxford University Press), Vol. 28 (2), Fall, 2013, pp.384-404.
    • ‘The Challenge of Reconciling the Competing Principles within the Law of Foreign Investment with Special Reference to the Recent Trend in the Interpretation of the Term “Expropriation” International Lawyer (A journal of the American Bar Association’s International Law Section); Spring 2006; Vol. 40 (1), pp.121-141.

    WTO Law

    • ‘WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism as a New Technique for Settling Disputes in International Law’, in Duncan French, Matthew Saul and Nigel D. White (eds.), International Law and Dispute Settlement: New Problems and Techniques (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2010), pp.173-190.
    • ‘The Notion of Free Trade and the First Ten Years of the World Trade Organization: How Level is the “Level Playing Field”?’ Vol. 53 (2) The Netherlands International Law Review (Autumn 2006), pp.273-296.
    • ‘The Road from Doha: The Issues for the Development Round of the WTO and the Future of International Trade’, 52 (2) International and Comparative Law Quarterly (April 2003), pp.425-446.

    The Law of the Sea

    • ‘An Innovative Solution to an Ambitious Project: Dispute Resolution in the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea’, in Charles C. Jalloh and Olufemi Elias (eds.), Shielding Humanity: Essays in International Law in Honour of Judge Abdul G. Koroma  (Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, The Hague, 2015), pp.163-186.
    • ‘Problems and Prospects for the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf in Dealing with Submissions by Coastal States in Relation to the Ocean Territory Beyond 200 Nautical Miles’, 26 The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers,, The Hague, 2011), pp.413–431.
    • Land and Maritime Zones of Peace in International Law (1996), Oxford Monographs in International Law Series, Clarendon: Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    International Watercourses Law

    • International Watercourses Law for the 21st Century: The Case of the River Ganges Basin. (Ashgate Publishing, UK, 2005).
    • ‘The Legal Regime Concerning the Utilization of the Water Resources of the River Ganges Basin’, 46 German Yearbook of International Law (2004), pp.452-493.
    • ‘Hydro-diplomacy in South Asia: The Conclusion of the Ganges and the Mahakali River Treaties’, 93 (4) American Journal of International Law (October, 1999), pp.631-640.
    • ‘Resolution of International Water Disputes: Challenges for the 21^st Century’, in International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, _Resolution of International Water Disputes (Volume 6 in the PCA Peace Palace Papers series, The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 2003), pp. 33-47.
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